Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management

Among the significant factors militating against the growth of sporting activities in Nigeria today is absence of reliable management. A great deal of remedies are being proffered by concerned and patriotic Nigerians daily to bail us out the dilemma. One of such solutions is this text qualified “Modern Trends in Sports Management and also Administration”. It is written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a speaker in the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Professors of Education And Learning, College of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and also instructional expert. I was the person invited by the writer and also the university to evaluate guide when it existed to the general public on December 4, 2008 in Nigeria.

According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism all over the globe that sport is now a recommendation concern which can no more be overlooked at various fields of the economic climate and spheres of life. The writer adds that this message therefore takes a vital look at topical issues in sports management and monitoring, house on concepts as well as principles of modern fads in sporting activities administration and monitoring such as management, organisation, preparation, motivation, etc.

The text includes 16 phases. Phase one is christened “the idea of sporting activities management”. Below, Awoyinfa claims management is an idea that indicates various things to different people at various times, therefore bring about its multiplicity of definitions. He describes that management has actually been otherwise described as an art, a scientific research, a person or individuals, a technique and also a procedure.

This writer expatiates that as an art, sports management is all about carrying out sporting activities organisational functions and also jobs with people; while as a science, sporting activities administration is about establishing sporting activities viewpoint, regulations, theories, concepts, procedures and also methods. As an organisation, according to him, sports management is specified as a way of developing formal structures and a facility based on a mission, objectives, targets, features and also jobs.

Awoyinfa states as a person or group of people, sporting activities administration may refer to the head alone or to all the senior personnel, committee, and so on; while as a technique, monitoring is a field with various subjects and topics. The author illuminates that sports administration as a procedure is about a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights monitoring features in sports management as preparation, arranging, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting as well as examination. On whom a sports manager is, this author informs that a sporting activities supervisor is any person at any kind of degree of sport organisation that routes
the efforts of other individuals towards the accomplishment of organisational goals sport-wise.

Phase 2 is based upon the subject of development and also fads of sporting activities administration assumed. Below, Awoyinfa discloses that the growth of thoughts on sporting activities monitoring goes back to the days when people first tried to complete goals by collaborating in a group. In his words, “There was major thinking and also theorising regarding handling many years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which noted the start of modern-day sporting activities management assumed. Major initiatives to develop concepts and also principles of sports monitoring began from the early twentieth (20th) century with the job of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial transformation of the nineteenth (19th) century probably offered the environment for this very significant theorising.”

Awoyinfa includes that considering that the turn of the 20th century, writers on sporting activities monitoring as well as company theory have actually been propounding different concepts concerning how to manage work and also workers a lot more efficiently and properly. This author enlightens that the 3 major schools of monitoring idea are: the timeless; the human-behavioural; as well as the integrative. Awoyinfa likewise highlights early sporting activities administration philosophers; principles as well as qualities of clinical administration; evaluation of the clinical management theory, etc, in this chapter.

Phase 3 is thematically identified “concepts of sports administration”. In this chapter, the academic consultant explains that sports concepts are the fundamental legislations on which the method of sporting activities management is built. He adds that administration principles have to as a result be based upon general terms for them to be applicable within sporting activity organisations of varying sizes and personality. “Modern sporting activities supervisors and also managers are expected to be able to identify as well as make use of appropriate concepts that are relevant to particular scenarios. This is due to the fact that no single principle can suit all management situations,” submits Awoyinfa.

He says the basic principles of sporting activities are those appropriate to all sporting activities organisations and as an outcome of their basic reputation, they are in some cases described as “universal principles of sports management”. This author expatiates that some of these principles are: responsibility; delegation of authority and also interaction. As regards humanitarian concepts of sporting activities administration, Awoyinfa recognizes these as freedom, justice, human relationships, sympathy, empathy, consideration and humility.

In chapter four based upon the principle of behavioral and motivational theories in sporting activities organisation, the author says human beings are distinct creatures as they behave in a different way under different problems as well as are primarily hard to anticipate. Awoyinfa stresses that because humans comprise one of the most important aspect in sports organisation, sporting activities supervisors require some understanding of why people act in one means or the other, to make sure that they (sporting activities supervisors) can influence individuals to carry out exactly the way sports organisations find preferable.

One potent instrument this author recommends that can be made use of to generate efficiency in athletes is inspiration. In his words, “Motivation is something required in sporting activities organisations to make staff members perform.
However, it has actually been an important as well as a puzzling topic for sports supervisors.” Awoyinfa additionally discusses growth of motivational principles in sporting activities organisation; application of motivational concepts to sporting activities monitoring; methods of behaviour modification, etc, in this phase.

In chapters five to 10, the writer beams his logical visit searchlight on subject matters such as administration techniques in sports organisation; the idea of sports organisation; setting layout in sporting activities organisation; the concept of preparation in sports management; making sports organisations a lot more effective in Nigeria and also staffing in sporting activities organisations.

Chapter 11 is based on communication strategies visit in sporting activities organisation. According to Awoyinfa right here, interaction is a crucial consider any kind of organisational performance due to the fact that organisations can not function effectively when interaction abilities are doing not have amongst participants. “Since communication is the moving spirit in an organisation, its absence may make organisations grinding halt,” insists this author.
In chapters 12 to 16, Awoyinfa X-rays principles such as organisational modifications and growth in sports management; management in sporting activities management and also administration; management and also administration of football as a trainer; teaching human kinetics as well as wellness education in colleges as well as colleges; and also organisation as well as management of colleges at various levels of education.

As regards setting of discussion, this text ratings visit a pass mark. For example, the language is comprehensible and also the ideas are wonderfully articulated. The simpleness of the language is expected, offered the writer’s dual professional history as a lecturer as well as priest. To make sure simple research of the message on readers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the objectives of each chapter at the beginning as well as ends with review/revision questions.

What’s more, he creatively stitches the message with graphics (web pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on) to boost visitors’ understanding with visual interaction. Awoyinfa consists of recommendations at the end of each chapter to meet scholastic responsibility of resource disclosure and deal visitors possibilities to learn more. Addition of numerous references likewise verifies the depth of his research. His use visual distinction for the expression “Modern Trends” in the title is emphatically innovative.

If there are phases that actually make this message certified as a compendium of modern-day options to the administrative and administration issues afflicting our sports advancement in Nigeria, they are chapters four, 8, 11 and also 13. This is because they discuss motivation, planning, interaction and management specifically.

On the other hand, the thematically biggest phase of all is phase 4. The reality that it is consciously or subconsciously taken to be the best phase finds useful expression in the much deeper communication as well as cohesion between its subject on the one hand and also the outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or symbolic photos such as objective blog post, cyclists competing, a grass tennis player positioned for action with her bat, sprinters completing as well as footballers battling for round possession, on the various other hand. These are images made use of for illustration in motivational discourse.

Nevertheless, some mistakes are discovered in this text. The errors are “Recognition” (page iii), instead of “Recognitions”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Beginning”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and also 404), as opposed to “Losing”, and so on. These mistakes need to be fixed in the following version.